So if you use a vba code to add a new workbook, the Activeworkbook would change, but ThisWorkbook would still refer to the one that has the code. Creating a new Workbook object The following code will create a new workbook. Sub CreateNewWorkbook d End Sub When you add a new workbook, it becomes the active workbook. The following code will add a new workbook and then show you the name of that workbook (which would be the default book1 type name). Sub CreateNewWorkbook d MsgBox me End Sub Open a workbook using vba you can use vba to open a specific workbook when you know the file path of the workbook. The below code will open the workbook examples. Xlsx which is in the documents folder on my system. Open End Sub In case the file exists in the default folder, which is the folder where vba saves new files by default, then you can just specify the workbook name without the entire path.
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Sub Activeworkbookname msgBox me workbooks tivate MsgBox me End Sub Note that when you create a new workbook using vba, that newly created workbook automatically becomes the active workbook. Using ThisWorkbook thisWorkbook refers to the workbook where the code is being executed. Every workbook would have a thisWorkbook object as statement a part of it (visible in the Project Explorer). ThisWorkbook' can store regular macros (similar to the ones that we add in modules) as well as event procedures. An event procedure is something that is triggered based on an event such as double-clicking on a cell, or saving a workbook or activating a worksheet. Any event procedure that you save in this ThisWorkbook' would be available in the entire workbook, as compared to the sheet level events which are restricted to the specific sheets only. For example, if you double-click on the ThisWorkbook object in the Project Explorer and copy paste the below code in it, it will show the cell address whenever you double-click on any of the cells in the entire workbook. Private sub Sh As Object, byval Target As Range, cancel As boolean) MsgBox dress End Sub While ThisWorkbook's main role is to store event procedure, you can also use it to refer to the workbook where the code is being executed. The below code would return the name of the workbook in which the code is being executed. Sub ThisWorkbookname maize msgBox me End Sub The benefit of using ThisWorkbook (over Activeworkbook) is that it would refer to the same workbook (the one that has the code in it) in all the cases.
This is done as with each loop, the number of open workbooks is decreasing. ThisWorkbook is covered in detail in the later section. Using Activeworkbook activeworkbook, as the name suggests, refers to the workbook that is active. The below code would show you the name of the active workbook. Sub Activeworkbookname msgBox me End resumes Sub When you use vba to activate another workbook, the Activeworkbook part in the vba after that would start referring to the activated workbook. Here is an example of this. If you have a workbook active and you insert the following code into it and run it, it would first show the name of the workbook that has the code and then the name of Examples. Xlsx (which gets activated by the code).
Despite this drawback, using index numbers can come in handy. For example, if you want to loop through all the open workbooks and save all, you can use the index numbers. In this case, since you want this to happen to all the workbooks, you're not the concerned about their individual index numbers. The below code essay would loop through all the open workbooks and close all except the workbook that has this vba code. Dim WbCount As Integer, wbCount unt, for i wbCount to 1 Step -1. If Workbooks(i).Name me Then Workbooks(i).Close End If Next i end Sub The above code counts the number of open workbooks and then goes through all the workbooks using the for Each loop. It uses the if condition to check if the name of the workbook is the same as that of the workbook where the code is being run. If it's not a match, it closes the workbook and moves to the next one. Note that we have run the loop from WbCount to 1 with a step of -1.
This happens when you're referring to the worksheet/ranges in the same workbook that has the code in it and is also the active workbook. However, in some cases, you do need to specify the workbook to make sure the code works (more on this in the ThisWorkbook section). Using Index Numbers, you can also refer to the workbooks based on their index number. For example, if you have three workbooks open, the following code would show you the names of the three workbooks in a message box (one at a time). Sub Workbookname msgBox Workbooks(1).Name. MsgBox Workbooks(2).Name, msgBox Workbooks(3).Name, end Sub, the above code uses MsgBox which is a function that shows a message box with the specified text/value (which is the workbook name in this case). One of the troubles i often have with using index numbers with Workbooks is that you never know which one is the first workbook and which one is the second and. To be sure, you would have to run a code as shown above or something similar to loop through the open workbooks and know their index number. Excel treats the workbook opened first to have the index number as 1, and the next one as 2 and.
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Let's begin with a simple example. If homework you have two workbooks open, and you want to activate the workbook essays with the name examples. Xlsx, you can use the below code: Sub ActivateWorkbook. Workbooks tivate, end Sub, note that you need to use the file name along with the extension if the file has been saved. If it hasn't been saved, then you can use the name without the file extension.
If you're not sure what name to use, take help from the Project Explorer. If you want to activate a workbook and select a specific cell in a worksheet in that workbook, you need to give the entire address of the cell (including the workbook and the worksheet name). Workbooks tivate, range.Select. End Sub, the above code first activates Sheet1 in the Examples. Xlsx workbook and then selects cell A1 in the sheet. You will often see a code where a reference to a worksheet or a cell/range is made without referring to the workbook.
Loop in excel vba excel video do while loops. In this tutorial, i will cover the how to work with workbooks in Excel using vba. In Excel, a workbook' is an object that is a part of the workbooks' collection. Within a workbook, you have different objects such as worksheets, chart sheets, cells and ranges, chart objects, shapes, etc. With vba, you can do a lot of stuff with a workbook object such as open a specific workbook, save and close workbooks, create new workbooks, change the workbook properties, etc. So let's get started.
All the codes I mention in this tutorial need to be placed in the vb editor. Where to put the vba code section to know how it works. If you're interested in learning vba the easy way, check out. Online Excel vba training. This Tutorial covers: Referencing a workbook using vba, there are different ways to refer to a workbook object in vba. The method you choose would depend on what you want to get done. In this section, i will cover the different ways to refer to a workbook along with some example codes. Using Workbook names, if you have the exact name of the workbook that you want to refer to, you can use the name in the code.
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