"It was never the intent of Congress to establish conditions for appropriate animal care; and for me to comment on the law is inappropriate and counterproductive to the way our system works.". Auction block: The way the system works would make many of the moms and dads and their bright-eyed charges who so enjoy a trip to the local zoo blanch. In some cases, animals from big zoos pass through places like the lolli Brothers exotic animal auction in Macon,., reputedly the biggest of its kind in the United States. At the recent may sale, the action was fast and furious with a veritable noah's ark collection-monkeys, zebras, camels, wildebeest, ostriches, kangaroos, russian boars, giant tortoises, parrots, peacocks, even boa constrictors-hustled through the auction ring. A 12-year-old female chimp drew a bid of 10,500, a cuddly 3-month-old lion cub raised just 800, and a baby wallaby went for 1,200. For three days, the auctioneer's gavel rose and fell.
Petting, zoo, essay - 905 Words major Tests
In some years, the number of usda inspectors has fallen as low. However much the numbers fluctuate from year to year, the agency's inspectors have not exactly established a reputation for rigorous enforcement. The department does not record the number of animals it has seized or zoos it has shut down. A usda spokesman recalled five confiscations since 1997 in the western United States involving exotic animals in roadside zoos, and just one since 1995 in the eastern region. That's about one a year, nationwide. "we are not in the business of putting people out of business says Daniel Jones, who supervises usda animal inspections in three states. "The courts look at it as putting a man out of his livelihood." evidently, higher-ups at the Agriculture department see little problem with any of this. Chester Gipson, the usda's deputy administrator of animal-care services, declined a request. News to discuss the inspections process. His predecessor, ron dehaven, blamed "radical animal-rights groups" for exaggerating concerns about inadequate or abusive care of exotic animals. "We have taken very stringent enforcement actions against roadside zoos, but we marketing can't be at every facility every day he says.
The law sets minimal standards for food storage, housing, and veterinary care. It has no cruelty statute, has weak enforcement provisions, and provides for only token fines. On the critical issue of cage size, the law stipulates only that animals must have enough room to stand, turn around, and maintain a normal posture, making it perfectly legal to keep a chimp in a broom closet or a lion in a cage the. For years, leading animal welfare organizations have lobbied Congress for more humane standards and tougher enforcement. "There's no aggressive investigation and no consistent follow-up complains Cindy carroccio, director of the austin zoo, an accredited sanctuary that houses unwanted or confiscated exotics. "They're scared of litigation, they don't allow their inspectors to testify even in the worst cruelty cases, and they refuse to close the bad places down." Often, it's not just a matter of will but of bodies. Last year, statement the usda had fewer than 100 inspectors to keep tabs on about 9,000 licensed facilities from zoos to animal testing labs.
"Reputable zoos have written policies saying animals won't go to anything other than an aza institution says Ron Kagan, director of the detroit zoological Institute. "Numerous animals born in our institutions have. Ended up in circuses, breeders, margaret or private hands. We can't undo the past, but we can be a london part of the solution.". The inherent weakness of allowing non-aza disposal of surplus animals, as the syracuse zoo's Anne baker learned, is that a great deal must be taken on faith. Some 2,500 roadside menageries, safari parks, circuses, breeders, dealers, and other exhibitors are licensed and inspected by the usda. But weak federal regulations and a crazy-quilt pattern of local and state wildlife laws leave only a thin skein of protection for the animals. Virtually anyone can obtain a permit to exhibit, breed, and sell exotics; no qualifications are required. Slap on the wrist: Commercial animal exhibitors, dealers, breeders, and biomedical testing labs are governed by the 1966 Animal Welfare Act.
After several weeks, williamson finally received a telephone message saying the ibexes were alive, but he has been unable to verify that. The experience has moved him to change the Phoenix zoo policy. In future, no animals will be shipped to non-accredited zoos or any dealers, and all old or surplus animals will be retired under the zoo's jurisdiction. Says Williamson: "we are not going to get ourselves into this situation again." aza executive director Sydney butler acknowledges that member zoos have violated the ethics code in the past. "I don't think it happens anymore he says. "People will know about these things. If it does happen, it's an innocent transaction.". News showed Butler a series of American Association of zoo veterinarians inspection certificates that document aza zoos' shipping of mammals and exotic birds to roadside zoos that fall below aza standards and to dealers who reportedly supply animals to the exotic animal underground. Butler replied: "we always try to improve." even leading aza members acknowledge the organization has done a poor job of enforcing its animal-transfer code.
Zoo, should be banned, essay by ranice330
"I'm concerned." After finding the gibbons in their filthy cage, the reporter left two telephone messages for baker. She failed to nooyi return the calls. Pannill, the usda inspector, was forbidden by superiors to discuss the matter, but. News obtained copies of several of her E-mails. "The curator baker that sent the gibbons to nbz knows the situation out there pannill wrote. I have even suggested she might want to relocate them.
And also told the curator of my concerns and problems. She told me they had been given to nbz. So they would not take back. I really wonder why zoos don't ask for a copy of the last usda report before they send animals out.". Baker is the current chairman of the aza's animal welfare committee and is scheduled to become the organization's vice president next year and to lead the organization in 2004. When she was finally reached on the new Braunfels matter, she said: "This was a bad call on my part; I will readily admit that." At the aza-accredited Phoenix zoo, director Jeff Williamson required non-aza zoos and dealers to sign an agreement that his animals. News asked writers Williamson if he had ever checked on his ibexes, he made several attempts to reach the dealer and says his calls were ignored.
Was a response by the animal to the deep, agonal pain caused by the tissue-penetrating bones bellin wrote. "I believe that the tiger was starving. And died in severe pain in the cold without a shelter or bedding." The usda fined Don and dee's 500 and revoked its license. The local county attorney, ann Beneke, sought to prosecute the owners on cruelty charges but was forced to drop the case when the usda refused to allow Bellin to testify. He failed to respond to. Before it failed financially, the new Braunfels zoo obtained exotic mammals and birds from several aza zoos, including the Bronx, washington National, san diego, honolulu, buffalo, and Santa barbara.
In november 2000, eight months after one of the zoo's two owners says he quit in disgust at the animal neglect and other deteriorating conditions, it received the two white-handed gibbons from Syracuse's Rosamond Gifford zoo. "They would have a good home and be well taken care of in a warmer climate anne baker, the zoo's executive director, said in explaining the transfer. "We got two aza references, and New Braunfels described their animal collection, their staff, and veterinary resources. We would assume there is a level of honesty.". And baker could have easily discovered the fact. Agriculture department inspector, Elizabeth Pannill, had begun documenting many of the problems at New Braunfels and eventually filed seven detailed inspection reports. When a reporter told baker about the declining conditions at the zoo, including the principal owner's selling loaned birds and mammals without permission, baker replied that she had checked with Pannill and was assured that the gibbons were in good condition. The reporter told baker he would visit the long-closed zoo and report back to her. "I'll be anxious to hear what you find she said.
Zoo, essay - 1475 Words
This animal might die if not treated.". Bellin gave the zoo owners six weeks to improve conditions. He apparently did not seek emergency removal of the animals or try to have the zoo closed down. A few days after barbing his inspection, the female lion killed and ate the male. A male bengal tiger also died after splintered turkey bones punctured its intestinal tract because it had book no drinking water to flush them through its system. Before it expired, the tiger chewed its metal water bowl to pieces. "I believe the bowl that was torn apart.
"All but the young lion are on concrete flooring without bedding paper materials of any sort bellin wrote. "Ambient temperature was approximately 35 degrees. There was no food on the premises for the large cats. Water bowls were filled with either frozen or brackish water, carcass materials, and/or debris. Housing arrangements, lighting, and sanitation fail to meet the minimal federal standards. All seven of the large cats. Appear thin/gaunt and somewhat emaciated. The female African lion recently failed to eat for three days.
an examination of the tightly restricted, inter-zoo international Species Information System database, which tracks transfers of 129 species of mammals, as well as interviews with dozens of state and federal regulators, zoo employees, and animal welfare activists. Records show that some leading aza members-including zoos in Washington,. C.; the Bronx; San diego; Honolulu; Memphis; Atlanta; Denver; Santa barbara, calif.; Buffalo; Phoenix; Montgomery, ala.; and Kansas City,.-have shipped mammals and exotic birds to roadside zoos that were below aza standards. Some have also provided animals to dealers who reportedly sell to private hunting ranches, animal auctions, and exotic-pet owners. Besides the aza rules, a 1966 law passed by congress specifies care, feeding, and other requirements for the treatment of exotic animals and mandates that the department of Agriculture enforce the statute. But a reporter and photographer who visited more than two dozen small zoos around the nation found a pattern of callous treatment and government neglect. Some examples: four big cats died after the usda recommended their owner place his two cougars, four tigers, two adult lions, and a young lion in Don and dee's Exotic zoo, a roadside facility in Manson, iowa. The cougars died, apparently from malnutrition, and Steven Bellin, a usda veterinarian, then inspected the zoo in november 2000. News obtained copies of Bellin's inspection reports and correspondence.
Half crazy from boredom and lack of exercise, the highly social primates and cooped-up predators often mutilate themselves and spend hours pacing to and fro and biting the bars of their cages. With london summer in full swing and people staying closer to home, americans are flocking to the nation's big zoos. There are 205 such facilities accredited by the American zoo and Aquarium Association, and they attract some 135 million people a year - 6 million more than attend major-league sporting events. Most of these zoos provide spacious natural habitats and expert care. But when animals begin to age and become less attractive, and curators have to make room for the spring crop of new babies, many big zoos give the old-timers the bum's rush. "Dumping animals says Richard Farinato, head of captive wildlife protection for the humane society of the United States, "is the big, respectable zoos' dirty little secret.". Zoos accredited by the aza must abide by a code of ethics restricting animal transfers to other aza members or to unaccredited zoos with the "expertise, records management capabilities, financial stability, and facilities required to properly care" for the animals.
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How some of America's best zoos get rid of their old, infirm, and write unwanted animals, by michael Satchell, deep amid the weeds and trash alongside Interstate 35, rusty cages and flimsy wire enclosures hold what's left of a former roadside zoo: six primates, three. The saddest residents are two rare white-handed gibbons, small apes listed as an endangered species. But the male-female pair is imperiled for another reason. They are the neglected castoffs from one of the nation's top wildlife institutions, the rosamond Gifford zoo in Syracuse,. The two gibbons were discovered by a reporter one recent broiling day in a filthy cage with no water and a few scraps of rotten fruit. Their plight points to a little-known practice by some of the nation's premier zoos: dumping surplus, old, or infirm animals into a vast, poorly regulated-and often highly profitable-network of substandard, "roadside" zoos and wildlife dealers who supply hunting ranches and the exotic-pet trade. Though these small zoos, along with traveling circuses and other animal shows, are licensed and inspected by the. Department of Agriculture, their inhabitants often exist in cramped compounds and tiny cages with poor protection from the elements, marginal food, and spotty veterinary care. They typically get little psychological enrichment beyond a tire swing, a plastic ball, and a few dead tree branches.