Or it may be a particularly challenging test of your mental strength, because by this point in the dissertation you are likely exhausted. It is your job at this point to make one last push to the finish to create a cohesive and organised final chapter. If your concluding chapter is unstructured or some sort of ill-disciplined rambling, the person marking your work might be left with the impression that you lacked the appropriate skills for writing or that you lost interest in your own work. To avoid these pitfalls, you will need to know what is expected of you and what you need to include in your successful dissertation conclusion chapter. There are three parts (at a minimum) that need to exist within your dissertation conclusion. These include: Research objectives a summary of your findings and the resulting conclusions Recommendations Contributions to knowledge you may also wish to consider a section on self-reflection,. How you have grown as a researcher or a section on limitations (though this might have been covered in your research methods chapter ).
DR4544: dissertation - catalogue of courses
Aim for approximately 3-5 objectives If you can achieve this balance, you should be well positioned to demonstrate a clear and logical position that exudes competence. Remember that you must address these research objectives in your research. You cannot simply mention them in your dissertation introduction and then forget about them. Just like any other part of the dissertation, this section must be referenced in the findings and discussion as well as in the conclusion. This section has offered the basic sections of a dissertation introduction chapter. There are additional bits and pieces that you may choose to add. The research questions have already been highlighted as one plan option; an outline of the structure of the entire dissertation may be another example of information you might like to include. As long as your dissertation introduction is organised and clear, you are well on the way to writing success with this chapter. The conclusion Getting started your dissertation conclusion will do one of two things. It may fill you with joy, because it signals that you are almost done.
Typically, a research project has an overall aim. Again, this needs to be clearly stated in a direct way. The objectives generally stem from the overall aim and explain how that aim will be met. They are often organised numerically or in bullet point form and are terse statements that are clear and identifiable. There are four things you need to remember when creating thesis research objectives. These are: Appropriateness (each objective is clearly related to what you want to study) Distinctness (each objective is focused and incrementally assists in achieving the overall research aim) Clarity (each objective avoids ambiguity) being achievable (each objective is realistic and can be completed within. Identify, assess, evaluate, explore, examine, investigate, determine, etc.) Beginning with a simple objective to help set the scene in the study finding a good numerical balance usually two is too few and six is too many.
You might suggest that the area/topic you have picked to research lacks critical investigation. You might be looking at the area/topic from a different angle and this could also be seen as legs adding value. In some cases, it may be that your research is somewhat urgent (e.g. Medical issues) and value can be added in this way. Whatever reason you come up with to address the value added question, make sure that somewhere in this section you directly state the importance or added value of the research. The research and the objectives, firstly, aims and objectives are different things and should be treated as such. Usually, these have already been created at the proposal stage or for ethical clearance of the research project, so putting them in your dissertation introduction is really just a matter of organisation and clarity.
This should set you up well to present your aims and objectives. The value of your research. The value section really deserves its own sub-section within your dissertation introduction. This is because it is essential to those who will be judging the merit of your work and demonstrates that you have considered how it adds value. The biggest mistake that students make is simply not including this sub-section. The concept of adding value does not have to be some significant advancement in the research that offers profound contributions to the field, but you do have to take one to two paragraphs to clearly and unequivocally state the worth of your work. There are many possible ways to answer the question about the value of your research.
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While you may have a glossary or list of abbreviations included in your dissertation, your background section offers some opportunity for you to highlight two or three essential terms. When reading a background section, there are two common mistakes that are most evident in student writing, either too little is written or far too much! In writing the resume background information, one to two pages is plenty. You need to be able to arrive at your research focus quite quickly and only provide the basic information that allows your reader to appreciate your research in context. The research focus, the research focus does two things: it provides information on the research focus (obviously) and also the rationale for your study. It is essential that you are able to clarify the area(s) you intend to research and you must explain why you have done this research in the first place.
One key point to remember is that your research focus must link to the background information that you have provided above. While you might write the sections on different days or even different months, it all has to look like one continuous flow. Make sure that you employ transitional phrases to ensure that the reader knows how the sections are linked to each other. The research focus leads into the value, aims and objectives of your research, so you might want to think of it as the tie between what has already been done and the direction your research is going. Again, you want to ease the reader into your topic, so stating something like my research focus is in the first line of your section might come across overly harsh. Instead, you might consider introducing the main focus, explaining why research in your area is important, and the overall importance of the research field.
Your introduction must include sub-sections with appropriate headings/subheadings and should highlight some of the key references that you plan to use in the main study. This demonstrates another reason why writing a dissertation introduction last is beneficial. As you will have already written the literature review, the most prominent authors will already be evident and you can showcase this research to the best of your ability. The background section, one of the main purposes of the background section is to ease the reader into the topic. It is generally considered inappropriate to simply state the context and focus of your study and what led you to pursue this line of research.
The reader needs to know why your research is worth doing. You can do this successfully by identifying the gap in the research and the problem that needs addressing. One common mistake made by students is to justify their research by stating that the topic is interesting to them. While this is certainly an important element to any research project, and to the sanity of the researcher, the writing in the dissertation needs to go beyond interesting to why there is a particular need for this research. This can be done by providing a background section. You are going to want to begin outlining your background section by identifying crucial pieces of your topic that the reader needs to know from the outset. A good starting point might be to write down a list of the top 5-7 readings/authors that you found most influential (and as demonstrated in your literature review ). Once you have identified these, write some brief notes as to why they were so influential and how they fit together in relation to your overall topic. You may also want to think about what key terminology is paramount to the reader being able to understand your dissertation.
Psycho-semantics of the color
Point out the value of your research. Specify your specific research list aims and objectives. While the background information usually appears first in a dissertation introduction, the structure of the remaining three points is completely up to you. There are opportunities to combine these sections to best suit your needs. There are also opportunities to add in features that go beyond these four points. For example, some students like to add in their research questions in their dissertation introduction so that the reader is not presentation only exposed to the aims and objectives but also has a concrete framework for where the research is headed. Other students might save the research methods until the end of the literature review/beginning of the methodology. In terms of length, there is no rule about how long a dissertation introduction needs to be, as it is going to depend on the length of the total dissertation. Generally, however, if you aim for a length between 5-7 of the total, this is likely to be acceptable.
Youll actually be far better off writing your dissertation introduction, conclusion and abstract after you have written all the other parts of the dissertation. Firstly, writing retrospectively means that your dissertation introduction and conclusion will match and your ideas will all be tied up nicely. If you write your introduction before anything else, its likely your ideas will evolve and morph as your dissertation develops. And then youll just have to go back and edit or totally re-write your introduction again. Thirdly, it will ensure that the abstract accurately contains all the information it needs for the reader to get a good overall picture about what you have actually done. In this guide, well run through each of these chapters in detail so youre spell well equipped to write your own. Weve also identified some common mistakes often made by students in their writing so that you can steer clear of them in your work. The Introduction, getting started, as a general rule, your dissertation introduction should generally do the following things: Provide preliminary background information that puts your research in context. Clarify the focus of your study.
about 10 items in the bibliography and this was appropriate given the nature of my work. Other people i knew had nearly 200 references in theirs. Just a quick note for the unwary - don't send unsubmitted/unpublished academic work to strangers or professional organisations who offer to help. You leave yourself open to having your work copied, which in turn might result in you being accused of plagiarism. Well 20 ref is enough for my 6000 words dissertation it's a research method and all the other result part that will contribute to the overall 6000 words including; intro n discussion). Its fair to assume that because the abstract and introduction are the first chapters to be read by someone reading your dissertation, it means they must be written first also. But in reality, this isnt the case.
In the past i've had 50 references for 2500 word essays. In an essay thesis i just finished I put 30 references, which is very minimal. I suggest at least 80-100 for you as its a dissertation. I'd say if you've reached 50 you'll. But they need to be relevant justified as references. I've heard 1 reference per 100 words is a decent rule of thumb to. However, i personally take the opinion that the number of references you should have is the number of references you need to clearly explain your subject area and give the reader and appropriate breadth and depth of understanding. Adding references for the sake of adhering to the rule of thumb I just mentioned does nobody any favours.
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Turn on thread page beta toggle. Announcements, start new discussion, reply, from what I remember the general rule is 10- words, in which case you're running very light. Usually it's a bit more complicated. For every factual statement that you make which is not mainstream (i.e. Textbook then you'll need to substantiate it with a reference. Pm me paper if you need further guidance. I'd say 1 reference per word.